Thursday, October 22

Surabaya

Surabaya [16] is the capital of East Java and the 2nd largest city in Indonesia. The story goes that Surabaya's name derives from the Javanese words Suromeaning shark, and Boyomeaning crocodile. With around 3 million people in its city proper area, and over 6 million people in its metropolitan area, unpretentious Surabaya is the second-largest city in Indonesiabut it's a little lacking in sights.

However, many people come here on business, and Surabaya is also a gateway city for Mount Bromo and Bali. The city's tree-lined streets, street parks and renovated pavements will impress those newly arrived from other cities in the archipelago, though in general the city's attractions tend to be more apparent to those who make it their home rather than to short-term visitors.

Very tropical and you need to wear casual, light clothes: t-shirts, shorts, sandals or shoes.

surabaya

Temperatures are not varying much through the year, with daytime highs around degrees Celsius, falling at night to degrees. During the rainy season November-April be prepared for occasional flash floods and traffic jams, although it's not as bad as Jakarta. The national language, Bahasa Indonesia Indonesianis the medium of government, commerce and education. Many locals also speak the regional language, Javanese sometimes with a local accent.

There is a surprising amount of English visible in Surabaya on advertising and signs, and English is the most widely understood foreign language. Terminal 2 has opened on February 14,and all international flights and some domestic flights have moved here from the older Terminal 1. Holders of eligible passports arriving on international flights can arrange visa-on-arrival at Terminal 2.

If you choose to save time by taking the toll road from the airport, the toll charges will be extra. In practice you may be able to get a driver dropping off passengers to pick you up. There are 2 choices available: Sedan type accommodates pax and SUV type pax or if you have lots of baggage.

If you're going further away eg. Mount Bromoit'll be cheaper to a rent a car with a driver instead. Buses stop in front of the terminal, are air-conditioned and reasonably comfortable, ticket costs Rp The bus terminal, however, is hectic and is only slightly closer to the city center than the airport - going there makes sense only if you continue by bus to another city e. Malang, Probolinggoor do not mind continuing in a local bus.

There used to be a large viewing gallery on the top of the airport terminal accessible directly from outsidebut it has now been closed and converted into a transit hotel. Seats in eksekutif first class and bisnis second class for any intercity journey can be reserved up to 30 days in advance at any major railway station in Java. Trains using the northern main line from Gambir Station in Jakarta take at least ten hours to arrive at Pasar Turiwhile trains using the southern main line take no less than Air-conditioned trains are available on both routes, though.

Trains from Bandung and Yogyakarta use the Gubeng station.Situated on the northeastern coast of Java, it lies along the Surabaya Strait opposite the island of Madura. The canalized Mas River, which is a branch of the Brantas River, flows through the centre of the city. Surabaya has been the chief trading centre of eastern Java since the 14th century. It was controlled by the Dutch from the midth through the midth century, except for a brief period under the British in the early 19th century.

In November a fierce battle was fought in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and British troops who were attempting to assert Allied control, which was interpreted by the nationalists to mean a prelude to the return of the Dutch. Of Indonesian cities, Surabaya is surpassed in size only by Jakarta and has remained the chief commercial centre of eastern Java. The city also has a large fishing fleet.

A suburb has a petroleum refinery. The surrounding area is a flat, rich agricultural region. Surabaya is linked by rail and road to the eastern and western coasts of Java and is thus in communication with the other chief cities of the island. It also has major shipping communications with the chief ports of the Indo-Pacific region because it lies along the main sea route from Singapore and Jakarta to the Pacific and eastern Asia.

There is an international airport at Tanjungperak. Notable sites in the city of Surabaya include the large Al-Akbar mosque ; Airlangga Universitywith undergraduate and graduate programs in law, medicine, economics, technology, social and political sciences, and other fields; the Tenth of November Institute of Technologywhich also offers programs in various fields through the doctoral level; a naval college; and the old Dutch colonial Fort Prins Hendrik Info Print Cite.

Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Surabaya Indonesia. See Article History. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

Things to Do in Surabaya, Indonesia - Surabaya Attractions

Instead, they are the economic, governmental, cultural, and social centres for highly populated and distinct regions. The growth of the cities has not been accompanied by a parallel growth of…. East Javapropinsi or provinsi ; provinceeastern Java, Indonesia.

It includes numerous surrounding islands,…. Indonesiacountry located off the coast of mainland Southeast Asia in the Indian and Pacific oceans. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice.

Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About. The Official Site of Surabaya City.

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Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.Surabaya is like a bottle of wine: it gets better the more you get to know it. Give it time and you'll discover that Surabaya has many quixotic corners of interest.

25 Best Things to Do in Surabaya (Indonesia)

Read More. Shore Excursions. Outdoor Activities. Kid Friendly. Navigate forward to interact with the calendar and select a date. Press the question mark key to get the keyboard shortcuts for changing dates. See More. This private half day begins when you are picked up from your accommodation.

Meet our This is a shore excursion for passengers that are on board cruise ships and have Find out what this means for travelers. House of Sampoerna Surabaya Museum. Mesjid Ampel Surabaya Mosque. Masjid al Akbar Surabaya Mosque. Jembatan Merah Surabaya Bridge. Monumen Kapal Selam Surabaya Landmark. Governor's Residence Surabaya Notable Building. Pasar Pabean Surabaya Market. Day tours. Slide 1 of 8.

Explore all. Multi-day adventures. Surabaya Old Quarter This private half day begins when you are picked up from your accommodation. Surabaya Shore Excursion This is a shore excursion for passengers that are on board cruise ships and have See more activities.

Planning tools Money and costs Arriving in destination. Practical information Getting Around Directory information.A tour of Mount Bromo, Indonesia's most stunning volcano.

A walk around in Surabaya in the hidden neighbourhoods, part 1

Flights Vacation Rentals Restaurants Things to do. Things to do. Vacation Rentals. Rental Cars. Vacation Packages. Travel Forum. Travel Guides. Best of Trip Inspiration. Road Trips. Help Center. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers. All Surabaya Hotels. Surabaya Hotel Deals. Last Minute Hotels in Surabaya. By Hotel Type. Surabaya Business Hotels. Surabaya Spa Resorts.

Surabaya Family Hotels. Surabaya Luxury Hotels. Romantic Hotels in Surabaya. By Hotel Class. By Hotel Brand. Harris Hotels in Surabaya. Hotels in Surabaya. Hotels Santika in Surabaya.

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For existing bookings, contact the property you booked or visit our Help Center for support in changing your reservation. Note: It may take us longer than usual to respond. Thanks for your patience. I like small and clean hotel which near airport. Simpel clean over all very good. Located in Surabaya, 2. This place is just amazing. Cozy clean rooms with everything you need and the most helpfull staff you can imagine. I really enjoyed my stay. Thank you a lot Memet for everything!

See you guys next time! Nice location near Gubeng Station, yet in a small kampung full of friendly people. The staff was very friendly, especially the lady who checked me in the afternoon.

Good value! Located in Surabaya, a 6-minute walk from Sharp Bamboo Monument, Hotel Kampi Surabaya provides accommodations with a restaurant, free private parking and a fitness center. The best hotel!Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers. Things to Do in Surabaya Surabaya Tours. When are you traveling? Clear Dates. View map. Browse by Category. Shopping Malls. Multi-day Tours. Department Stores.

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surabaya

Outdoor Activities. Luxury Tours. History Museums. Shore Excursions. Private Day Trips. Overnight Tours. Full-day Tours. Cultural Tours. Eco Tours.The city has a population of over 3 million within its city limits and over 10 million in the Surabaya metropolitan areamaking it the second-largest metropolitan area in Indonesia.

The city was settled in 10th century by Kingdom of Janggalaone of the two Javanese kingdoms that was formed in when Airlangga abdicated his throne in favour of his two sons. In the late 15th and 16th centuries, Surabaya grew to be a duchya major political and military power as well as a port in eastern Java, probably under Majapahit empire. During the decline of Majapahit, the lord of Surabaya resisted the rise of the Demak Sultanateand only submitted to its rule in In the 18th and 19th centuries up toSurabaya was the largest city in the Dutch East Indieslarger than Batavia present day Jakarta and the centre of trading in the nation, which was then a competitor of Shanghai and Hong Kong.

Today the city remains one of the important entertainment, financial, industrial, transportational, and commercial hubs of the Indonesian archipelago, [16] arguably second only to Jakarta, and the Port of Tanjung Perak is Indonesia's second-busiest seaport located on northern Surabaya. InSurabaya received seven consecutive times Adipura Kencana Award from as number one among 20 cities in Indonesia. Surabaya from the Javanese "sura ing baya"means "bravely facing danger"; [19] originally from the union of Sanskrit words the " surya " or sun and the " bhaya " or fear.

Surabaya alludes to a prophecy of Jayabaya [meaning "conquering the fear"from the Sanskrit words "Jaya" or "Vijaya" victory or conquerer and "bhaya" fear ], a 12th-century psychic king of Kediri Kingdomforeseeing a fight between a giant white shark and a giant white crocodile taking place in the area, [20] which is sometimes interpreted as foretelling the Mongol invasion of Javaa major conflict between the forces of Kublai KhanMongol ruler of Chinaand those of Raden Wijaya 's Majapahit on 31 May[21] [19] which is now considered the date of the city's founding.

Some people consider Jayabaya's prophecy as being about the great war between native Surabayan people and foreign invaders at the start of the war of independence in Another story tells of two heroes who fought each other to be the king of the city.

The two heroes were named Sura and Baya. These folk etymologiesthough embraced enthusiastically by its people and city leaders, are unverifiable. The Kingdom of Janggala was one of the two Javanese kingdoms that was formed in when Airlangga abdicated his throne in favour of his two sons. The earliest historical record of Surabaya was in the book Zhu fan zhi written by Zhao Ruguain which it was called Jung-ya-lu. Hujung Galuh was located on the estuarine of Brantas River and today is the part of modern Surabaya city and Sidoarjo Regency.

Ma Huan documented the early 15th-century visit of Zheng He 's treasure ships in his book Yingya Shenglan : "after traveling south for more than 20 lithe ship reached Sulumayiwhose foreign name is Surabaya. At the estuary, the outflowing water is fresh". Ma Huan visited Java during Zheng He's fourth expedition in theduring the reign of Majapahit king Wikramawardhana. He describes his travel to Majapahit capital, first he arrived to the port of Tu-pan Tuban where he saw large numbers of Chinese settlers migrated from Guangdong and Chou Chang.

Then, he sailed east to thriving new trading town of Ko-erh-hsi GresikSu-pa-erh-ya Surabayaand then sailing inland into the river by smaller boat to southwest until reached the Brantas river port of Chang-ku Changgu.

Continuing to travel by land to the southwest, he arrived in Man-che-po-I Majapahitwhere the Javanese king stayed. By late 15th century, Islam began to take its root in Surabaya.

The settlement of Ampel Denta, located around Ampel Mosque in today Ampel subdistrict, Semampir district, north Surabaya, was established by a charismatic Islamic proselytizer Sunan Ampel. In the late 15th and 16th centuries, Surabaya grew to be a duchya major political and military power in eastern Java.

The Duchy of Surabaya entered a conflict with, and was later captured by, the more powerful Sultanate of Mataram in under Sultan Agung. With this conquest, Mataram then controlled almost the whole of Java, with the exception of the Sultanate of Banten and the Dutch settlement of Batavia.

In consolidating its rule over Surabaya, and in time, the rest of East Java, the Dutch collaborated with leading regional magnates, including Ngabehi Soero Pernollo —his brother Han Bwee Kong, Kapitein der Chinezen —and the latter's son, Han Chan Piet, Majoor der Chinezen —all from the powerful Han family of Lasem. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Surabaya was the largest city in Dutch East Indies. It became a major trading centre under the Dutch colonial government, and hosted the largest naval base in the colony.

Surabaya was also the largest city in the colony serving as the centre of Java's plantation economy, industry and were supported by its natural harbour.

Ina revolt occurred among the soldiers and sailors of Surabaya, led by the Indies Social Democratic Association. The revolt was firmly crushed and the insurgents given harsh sentences.


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